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最新常用经济术语--1

最新常用经济术语

国民经济 NATIONAL ECONOMY,

中国化 chinization

对外经济贸易 FOREIGN ECONOMIC RELATIONS AND TRADE

经济指标 economic indicators

社会总产值 total product of society

国民生产总值 GNP (Gross Domestic Product)

国内生产总值 GDP (Gross Domestic Product)

人均国内生产总值 GDP per capita

工农业总产值 gross output value of industry and agriculture

国民收入 national income

购买力平价法 purchasing power parity

财政收入 state revenue

社会商品零售总额 total volume of retail sales

社会零售物价总指数 general retail price index

百分点 percentage points

"八五"划划 the 8th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development

计划经济 planned economy

统购统销 state monopoly over purchase and marketing

市场经济 market economy

指令性计划 mandatory plan

指导性计划 guidance plan

市场调节 market regulation

建立市场经济、法制、民主监督和廉政"三个机制" establish operational mechanisms of market economy, rule by law, democratic supervision and incorruptible government

抓好农业、交通能源、教育科技"三个基础" stress priorities over agriculture, transportation and energy supply, education and science and technology

实现产业结构、生态环境和人口素质"三个优化" optimize industrial structure, ecological environment and the quality of population

第一、二、三产业 primary, secondary and tertiary industries

外向型经济 export-oriented economy

创汇型企业 foreign exchange-earning enterprise

劳动密集型 labor intensive

技术、智力、资本密集型 technology, knowledge or capital intensive

高附加值的深加工 down-stream processing with high added-value

优化资源配置 optimize allocation of resources

生产力 productive forces

生产资料 capital goods

科研成果产业化 industrialization of research findings

火炬计划 Torch Plan

技术入股 technology appraised as capital stock

风险投资 venture investment/capital

固定资产投资 investment in fixed assets

折旧费 depreciation cost

关系民生的产品 products vital to the people’s livelihood

供大于求 oversupply

供不应求 short supply

经济过热 overheated economy

抑制炒房地产热 stem frenzied and speculative trading in the property market