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医学英语--常见疾病名称

常见疾病名称

Internal Medicine 内科
Acidosis 酸中毒
Adams-Stokes syndrome 亚-斯氏综合症
alcoholism, alcoholic intoxication 酒精中毒
alkalosis 碱中毒
anaphylaxis 过敏症
anemia 贫血
iron deficiency anemia 缺铁性贫血
megaloblastic anemia 巨幼红细胞性贫血
aplastic anemia 再生障碍性贫血
angiitis 脉管炎
angina pectoris 心绞痛
arteriosclerosis 动脉硬化
apoplexy 中风
auricular fibrillation 心房纤颤
auriculo-ventricular block 房室传导阻滞
bronchial asthma 支气管哮喘
bronchitis 支气管炎
bronchiectasis 支气管扩张
bronchopneumonia 支气管肺炎
carcinoma 癌
cardiac arrhythmia 心律紊乱
cardiac failure 心力衰竭
cardiomyopathy 心肌病
cirrhosis 肝硬化
coronary arteriosclerotic heart disease 冠状动脉硬化性心脏病
Crohn disease 克罗恩病
Cushing’s syndrome 库欣综合症
diabetes 糖尿病
diffuse intravascular coagulation 弥散性血管凝血
dysentery 痢疾
enteritis 肠炎
gastric ulcer 胃溃疡
gastritis 胃炎
gout 痛风
hepatitis 肝炎
Hodgkin’s disease 霍奇金病
hyperlipemia 高脂血症,血脂过多
hyperparathyroidism 甲状旁腺功能亢进
hypersplenism 脾功能亢进
hypertension 高血压
hyperthyroidism 甲状腺功能亢进
hypoglycemia 低血糖
hypothyroidism 甲状腺功能减退
infective endocarditis 感染性心内膜炎
influenza 流感
leukemia 白血病
lobar pneumonia 大叶性肺炎
lymphadenitis 淋巴结炎
lymphoma 淋巴瘤
malaria 疟疾
malnutrition 营养不良
measles 麻疹
myeloma 骨髓瘤
myocardial infarction 心肌梗死
myocarditis 心肌炎
nephritis 肾炎
nephritic syndrome 肾综合症
obstructive pulmonary emphysema 阻塞性肺气肿
pancreatitis 胰腺炎
peptic ulcer 消化性溃疡
peritonitis 腹膜炎
pleuritis 胸膜炎
pneumonia 肺炎
pneumothorax 气胸
purpura 紫癜
allergic purpura 过敏性紫癜
thrombocytolytic purpura 血小板减少性紫癜
pyelonephritis 肾盂肾炎
renal failure 肾功能衰竭
rheumatic fever 风湿病
rheumatoid arthritis 类风湿性关节炎
scarlet fever 猩红热
septicemia 败血症
syphilis 梅毒
tachycardia 心动过速
tumour 肿瘤
typhoid 伤寒
ulcerative colitis 溃疡性结肠炎
upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage 上消化道血


Neurology 神经科
brain abscess 脑脓肿
cerebral embolism 脑栓塞
cerebral infarction 脑梗死
cerebral thrombosis 脑血栓
cerebral hemorrhage 脑出血
concussion of brain 脑震荡
craniocerebral injury 颅脑损伤
epilepsy 癫痫
intracranial tumour 颅内肿瘤
intracranial hematoma 颅内血肿
meningitis 脑膜炎
migraine 偏头痛
neurasthenia 神经衰弱
neurosis 神经官能症
paranoid psychosis 偏执性精神病
Parkinson’s disease 帕金森综合症
psychosis 精神病
schizophrenia 精神分裂症
Surgery 外科
abdominal external hernia 腹外疝
acute diffuse peritonitis 急性弥漫性腹膜炎
acute mastitis 急性乳腺炎
acute pancreatitis 急性胰腺炎
acute perforation of gastro-duodenal ulcer急性胃十二指肠溃疡穿孔
acute pyelonephritis 急性肾盂肾炎
anal fissure 肛裂
anal fistula 肛瘘
anesthesia 麻醉
angioma 血管瘤
appendicitis 阑尾炎
bleeding of gastro-duodenal ulcer 胃十二指肠溃疡出血
bone tumour 骨肿瘤
breast adenoma 乳房腺瘤
burn 烧伤
cancer of breast 乳腺癌
carbuncle 痈
carcinoma of colon 结肠炎
carcinoma of esophagus 食管癌
carcinoma of gallbladder 胆囊癌
carcinoma of rectum 直肠癌
carcinoma of stomach 胃癌
cholecystitis 胆囊炎
cervical spondylosis 颈椎病
choledochitis 胆管炎
cholelithiasis 胆石症
chondroma 软骨瘤
dislocation of joint 关节脱位
erysipelas 丹毒
fracture 骨折
furuncle 疖
hemorrhoid 痔
hemothorax 血胸
hypertrophy of prostate 前列腺肥大
intestinal obstruction 肠梗阻
intestinal tuberculosis 肠结核
lipoma 脂肪瘤
lithangiuria 尿路结石
liver abscess 肝脓肿
melanoma 黑色素瘤
osseous tuberculosis 骨结核
osteoclastoma 骨巨细胞瘤
osteoporosis 骨质疏松症
osteosarcoma 骨质疏松症
osteosarcoma 骨肉瘤
Paget’s disease 佩吉特病
perianorecrtal abscess 肛管直肠周围脓肿
phlegmon 蜂窝织炎
portal hypertension 门静脉高压
prostatitis 前列腺炎
protrusion of intervertebral disc 椎间盘突出
purulent arthritis 化脓性关节炎
pyogenic ostcomyclitis 化脓性骨髓炎
pyothorax 脓胸
rectal polyp 直肠息肉
rheumatoid arthritis 类风湿性关节炎
rupture of spleen 脾破裂
scapulohumeral periarthritis 肩周炎
tenosynovitis 腱鞘炎
tetanus 破伤风
thromboangiitis 血栓性脉管炎
thyroid adenocarcinoma 甲状腺腺癌
thyroid adenoma 甲状腺腺瘤
trauma 创伤
urinary infection 泌尿系感染
varicose vein of lower limb 下肢静脉曲张

Paediatrics 儿科
acute military tuberculosis of the lung 急性粟粒性肺结核
acute necrotic enteritis 急性坏死性结肠炎
anaphylactic purpura 过敏性紫癜
ancylostomiasis 钩虫病
ascariasis 蛔虫病
asphyxia of the newborn 新生儿窒息
atrial septal defect 房间隔缺损
birth injury 产伤
cephalhematoma 头颅血肿
cerebral palsy 脑性瘫痪
congenital torticollis 先天性斜颈
convulsion 惊厥
Down’s syndrome 唐氏综合症
glomerulonephritis 肾小球肾炎
hemophilia 血友病
infantile diarrhea 婴儿腹泻
intracranial hemorrhage of the newborn 新生儿颅内出血
intussusception 肠套叠
necrotic enterocolitis of newborn 新生儿坏死性小肠结膜炎
neonatal jaundice 新生儿黄疸
nutritional iron deficiency anemia 营养性缺铁性贫血
nutritional megaloblastic anemia 营养性巨幼细胞性贫血
patent ductus arteriosis 动脉导管未闭
poliomyelitis 骨髓灰质炎
premature infant 早产儿
primary tuberculosis 原发性肺结核
progressive muscular dystrophy 进行性肌肉营养不良
pulmonary stenosis 肺动脉狭窄
purulent meningitis 化脓性脑膜炎
rickets 佝偻病
sepsis of the newborn 新生儿败血症
tetanus of the newborn 新生儿破伤风
tetralogy of Fallot 法洛四联症
thrush 鹅口疮,真菌性口炎
varicella 水痘
ventricular septal defect 室间隔缺损
viral encephalitis 病毒性脑炎
viral myocarditis 病毒性心肌炎

Gynecology and Obstetrics 妇,产科
abortion 流产
adenomyosis 子宫内膜异位症
amniotic fluid embolism 羊水栓塞
Bartholin’s cyst 巴氏腺囊肿
carcinoma of cervix 子宫颈癌
carcinoma of endometrium 子宫内膜癌
carcinoma of ovary 卵巢癌
cervicitis 宫颈炎
chorio-epithelioma 绒毛膜上皮癌
corpora luteum cyst 黄体囊肿
dystocia 难产
eclampsia 子痫
edema-proteinuria-hypertension syndrome
水肿蛋白尿高血压综合征(妊娠高血压综合征)
endometriosis 子宫内膜异位症
extrauterine pregnancy 子宫外孕
hydatidiform mole 葡萄胎
hyperemesis gravidarum 妊娠剧吐
infertility 不育症
irregular menstruation 月经失调
lochia 恶露
monilial vaginitis 念珠菌性阴道炎
multiple pregnancy 多胎妊娠
myoma of uterus 子宫肿瘤
oligohydramnios 羊水过少
ovarian tumour 卵巢肿瘤
pelvic inflammatory disease 盆腔炎
placenta previa 前置胎盘
placental abruption 胎盘早期剥离
pregnancy-hypertension syndrome 妊娠高血压综合症
premature birth 早产
premature rupture of membrane 胎膜早破
postpartum hemorrhage 产后出血
puerperal infection 产褥感染
rupture of uterus 子宫破裂
trichomonas vaginitis 滴虫性阴道炎
uteroplacental apoplexy 子宫胎盘卒中
vulvitis 外阴炎

Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology 五官科
amblyopia 弱视
amygdalitis, tonsillitis 扁桃体炎
astigmatism 散光
carcinoma of nasopharynx鼻咽癌
carcinoma of larynx 喉癌
cataract 白内障
tinnitus 耳鸣
chalazion 霰粒肿,脸板腺囊肿
colour blindness 色盲
deflection of nasal septum 鼻中隔偏曲
deafness 聋
furuncle of nasalvestibule 鼻前庭疖
glaucoma 青光眼
heterotropia 斜视
hyperopia 远视
injury of cornea 角膜损伤
ceruminal impaction 耵聍嵌塞
iritis 虹膜炎
keratitis 角膜炎
labyrinthitis 迷路炎, 内耳炎
laryngitis 喉炎
mastoiditis 乳突炎
myopia 近视
nasal sinusitis 鼻窦炎
otitis media 中耳炎
obstruction of larynx 喉梗阻
peritonsillar abscess 扁桃体中脓肿
pharyngitis 咽炎
rhinitis 鼻炎

Dermatoloty 皮科
acne 痤疮
carcinoma of skin 皮肤癌
bed sore 褥疮
decubitus ulcer 褥疮性溃疡
drug eruption 药皮疹
eczema 湿疹
herpes simplex 单纯疱疹
herpes zoster 带状疱疹
lupus erythematosis 红斑狼疮
psoriasis 牛皮癣
urticaria 荨麻疹
wart 疣