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医学英语--常见手术名称

常见手术名称

General Sugery 普外
appendectomy (appendicectomy) 阑尾切除术
cholecystectmy 胆囊切除术
cholecystostomy 胆囊造口术
drainage of the abscess 脓肿引流
enterostomy 肠造口术
exploratory laparotomy 开腹探查术
gastrectomy 胃切除术
gastroduodenostomy 胃十二指肠吻合术
hemorrhoidectomy 痔切除术
hepaticotomy 肝管切开术
hepatectomy 肝切除术
herniorrhaphy 疝修补术
ligation of lower oesophageal veins 低位食管静脉结扎
pancreatectomy 胰切除术
portal vena cava anastomosis 门腔静脉吻合术
pyloroplasty 幽门成形术
mastectomy 乳房切除术
splenectomy 脾切除术
thyroidectomy 甲状腺切除术
thyroid lobectomy 甲状腺叶切除术
vagotomy 迷走神经切断术

Orthopedics 骨科
amputation 截肢
arthrodesis 关节固定术
curettage if bone tumor 骨瘤刮除术
excision of bone tumor 骨瘤切除术
external fixation 外固定
fasciotomy 筋膜切开术
free skin graft 自由皮瓣移植
internal fixation 内固定
plaster cast 石膏管形
plaster splintage 石膏夹板固定
prosthetic replacement for joint 人工关节置换术
reduction of fracture 骨折复位
reduction of joint dislocation 关节脱位复位
repair if ligament 韧带修补
replantation if digit断指再植
skeletal traction 骨牵引
tenorrhaphy 腱缝合术
Thoracic Surgery 胸外科
aortocoronary bypass 主动脉冠状动脉分流
closed drainage of pleural cavity 胸腔闭式引流
complete intracardiac repair of Fallot’s Tetralogy 法洛完全修复术
dilation of aortic valular stenosis 主动脉瓣狭窄扩张术
exploratory thoracotomy 开胸探查
heart transplantation 心脏移植
heart valve replacement 心脏瓣膜置换术
ligation of patent ductus arteriosis 动脉导管未闭结扎术
lobectomy of lungs 肺叶切除
local excision of tumor of lungs 肺肿瘤局部切除术
parial esophagectomy and reconstruction of esophagus
食管部分切除、重建
repair of auricular septal defect 房间隔缺损修补术
repair if ventricular septal defect 室间隔缺损修补术
repair if valvular insufficiency 瓣膜闭锁不全的修补
pericardiectomy 心包切除术
peicardiotomy 心包切开术
pulmonary embolectomy 肺动脉栓子切除术
resection of arterial aneurysm动脉瘤切除术

Urology 泌尿科
cystoplasty 膀胱成形术
cystostomy 膀胱造口术
nephrectomy 肾切除术
nephrostomy肾造口术
nephrolithotomy肾石切除术
orchiectomy睾丸切除术
prostatectomy前列腺切除术
renal biopsy肾活检
renal transplantation肾移植
urethra-lithotomy输尿管结石切除
urethroplasty 尿道成形术
vasoligation 输精管结扎术

Neurosurgery 神经外科
decompression 减压术
excision of brain tumor 脑瘤切除术
exploratory craniotomy开颅探查术
lobectomy (脑)叶切除术
removed of intracranial hematoma 颅内血肿清除术
repair of dura defect 硬脑膜缺损修补术

Dentistry 牙科
dental prosthetics 镶牙
filling 牙填充
orthodontic treatment 牙矫正术
periodontal treatment 牙周治疗
tooth extraction 拔牙

Gynecology & Obstetrics 妇产科
amniocentesis 羊膜穿刺术
cervicectomy 子宫颈切除术
cesarean section 剖宫产术剖腹产
culdocentesis 后穹隆穿刺术
dilatation of the cervix 宫颈扩张术
excision of Bartholin cyst 巴氏腺囊肿切除术
hysterectomy 子宫切除术
induction of labor 引产术
ovarian cystectomy 助产术
oophorectomy 卵巢切除术
salpingectomy 输卵管切除术
sterilization 绝育术
uterine curetlage 刮宫术
vulvectomy 外阴切除术
Ophthalmology & Otorhinolaryngology 五官科
aspiration of cataract 白内障吸出术
closed reduction of nasal bone 鼻骨闭合复位
corneal grafting 角膜移植
enucleation of eyeball 眼球摘除术
excision of turbinates 鼻甲切除术
extraction of intra-ocular foreign body 眼内异物摘除
laryngectomy and laryngostomy 喉切除术和喉造口术
lens extraction 晶体摘除
mastoidectomy 乳突切开术
myringotomy 鼓膜切开术
myringoplasty 鼓膜成形术
nasal polypectomy 鼻息肉切除术
septoplasty (鼻)中隔成形术
sinusotomy 鼻窦切开术
submuscous resection of nasal septum 鼻中隔粘膜下切除术
tonsillectomy 扁桃体切除术
tympanoplasty 鼓室成形术