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医学英语--常用护理术语

常用护理术语

Nursing processes 护理过程
assessment 估计
nursing diagnosis 护理诊断
planning 计划
intervention (implementation, management) 措施(实施、管理)
evaluation 评价

Daily care of the patient 对病人的日常护理
morning (evening) care, AM (HS) care 晨(晚)间护理
bedmaking 整理床铺
oral hygiene (mouth care) 口腔卫生
brushing the teeth 刷牙
flossing the teeth 清牙垢
denture care 清洗假牙
bathing 洗澡
cleanliness and skin care 清洁与皮肤护理
perineal care 洗会阴
hair 梳头
shaving 刮脸
Care of nails and feet 指甲修剪和洗脚
changing hospital gowns 更换住院服装
massage 按摩
bedsore care 褥疮护理

Measurement of vital signs 测量生命体征
taking oral (rectal, axillary) temperature
量口腔(直肠、腋下)体温
taking a radial pulse 测量桡动脉脉搏
counting respirations 计呼吸次数
measuring (taking) blood pressure 量血压

Catheterization 导管插入术
cardiac catheterization 心导管插入术
laryngeal catheterization喉插管术
retro-urethral catheterization 逆行导尿管插入术
urethral catheterization 尿道导管插入术

Clean techniques, medical asepsis 消毒灭菌
asepsis 无菌(法)
integral asepsis 完全无菌
disinfection 消毒
concomitant (concurrent) disinfection 随时消毒,即时消毒
steam disinfection 蒸汽消毒
terminal disinfection 终末消毒
disinfection by ultraviolet light 紫外线消毒
Sterilization 灭菌,消毒
chemical sterilization 化学灭菌法
fractional sterilization 间歇灭菌法
intermittent sterilization 间歇灭菌法
mechanical sterilization 器械灭菌法

Decompression 减压(术)
oardiac decompression 心减压术
cerebral decompression 脑减压术
orbital decompression 眼眶减压术
decompression of decompression 心包减压术
gastro-intestinal decompression 胃肠减压术
decompression of rectum 直肠减压术
decompression of spinal cord 脊髓减压术

Dialysis透析
peritoneal dialysis腹膜透析
hemodialysis 血液透析

Drainage 引流、导液
aspiration (suction) drainage 吸引导液(引流)
closed drainage 关闭引流法
negative pressure drainage 负压吸引法
open drainage 开放引流法
postural drainage 体位引流法
vaginal drainage 阴道引流法
vesicocelomic drainage 膀胱腹腔引流

Drainage 灌肠
barium enema钡灌肠
blind enema肛管排气法
contrast enema对比灌肠
glycerin enema甘油灌肠
high (low) enema 高(低)位灌肠
magnesium sulfate enema 硫酸镁灌肠
retention (non-retention) enema 保留(无保留)灌肠
soapsuds enema 肥皂水灌肠
turpentine enema 松节油灌肠

Feeding 饲,喂养
Forced (forcible) feeding 强制喂养
intubtaion (tube) feeding 管饲法
nasal feeding 鼻饲法
rectal feeding 直肠营养法

Heat and clod applications 冷、热敷
applying hot compresses 热敷
applying hot soaks 湿热敷
assisting the patient to take a sitz bath 帮病人坐浴
applying hot water bottles 用热水瓶
applying an ice bag (collar0 用冰袋
applying cold compresses 冷敷
giving a cold (an alcohol) sponge bath 冷水(酒精)擦浴

Infusion 输入,注入
glucose infusion 葡萄糖液输注
glucose-saline infusion 葡萄糖-盐水输注
saline infusion 盐水输注
Injection 注射
endermic (intracutaneous) injection 皮内注射
hypertonic saline injection 高渗盐水注射
hypodermic injection 皮下注射
intramuscular injection 肌内注射
intraocular injection 眼球注射
intrapleural injection 胸膜腔注射
intrauterine injection 子宫内注射
nasal injection 鼻内注射
peritoneal injection 腹膜腔注射
rectal injection 直肠注射
subconjunctival injection 结膜下注射
urethral injection 尿道注射
vaginal injection 阴道注射

Irrigation 冲洗
vaginal irrigation 阴道冲洗
bladder irrigation 膀胱冲洗
continuous irrigation 连续冲洗法
mediate irrigation 间接冲洗法

Isolation 隔离、分离
strict isolation 严密隔离
contact isolation 接触隔离
respiratory isolation 呼吸隔离
drainage (secretion) precautions 引流预防措施
enteric precautions 肠道预防措施
blood (body fluid) precautions 血液(体液)预防措施
protective isolation 保护性隔离

Lavage 灌洗
blood (systemic) lavage 血液毒素清洗法
ether lavage (腹腔内)乙醚洗法
gastric lavage 洗胃
intestinal lavage 洗肠
peritoneal lavage 腹膜腔灌洗
pleural lavage 胸膜腔灌洗

Medication 药疗,投药,给药
endermic medication 皮内透药法
hypodermatic medication 皮下投药法
intramuscular medication 肌肉投药法
ionic medication 离子透药疗法
nasal medication 鼻内投药法
oral medication 口服法
rectal medication 直肠投药法
sublingual medication 舌下投药法
transduodenal medication 十二指肠内投药法
vaginal medication 阴道投药法
Suctioning 吸气引液
upper airway suctioning 上呼吸道抽吸法
nasogastric suctioning 鼻胃抽吸
wound suctioning 伤口吸引

Transfusion 输血
arterial transfusion 动脉输血
blood transfusion 输血
direct (immediate ) transfusion 直接输血
drip transfusion 滴注输(血)液
indirect transfusion 间接输血
plasma transfusion 输血浆
serum transfusion 输血清
venous transfusion 静脉输血,静脉输液

Diet nursing 伙食护理
absolute diet (fasting) 禁食
balanced diet 均衡伙食
convalescent diet 恢复期饮食
diabetic diet 糖尿病饮食
eucaloric diet 适当热量饮食
fat-free diet 无脂饮食
salt-free diet 无盐饮食
fever diet 热病饮食
full diet 全食,普通饮食
half diet 半食
high caloric diet 高热量饮食
high-carbohydrate diet 高糖类饮食
high-protein (protein rich) diet 高蛋白饮食
invalid diet 病弱者饮食
light diet 易消化饮食
liquid diet 流质饮食
high fat diet 高脂饮食
low fat diet 低脂饮食
low caloric diet 低热量饮食
low-protein diet 低蛋白饮食
low-residue diet 低渣饮食
nourishing diet 滋补饮食
obesity diet 肥胖病饮食
prenatal diet 孕期饮食
regimen diet 规定食谱
smooth (soft) diet 细软饮食

Preparing the patient for the surgery 为病人手术前做准备
shaving the patient’s skin (skin prep) 备皮
anesthesia 麻醉

Postoperative care 手术后护理
coughing and deep-breathing exercises 咳嗽呼吸练习
applying elastic stockings 穿弹性袜
applying elastic bandages 用弹性绷带

Emergency care (first aid) 急救护理
cardiopulmonary resuscitation 心肺循环复苏术
mouth-to-mouth(mouth-to-nose,mouth-to-stoma) resuscitation
口对口(口对鼻,口对颈部小口)循环复苏术
emergency care for fainting (shock, stroke) victims
昏厥(休克、中风)患者急救
emergency care used to control hemorrhage 止血急救
emergency care given to help a patient who is vomiting
呕吐患者急救
emergency care for a patient during a seizure 癫痫发作急救
hospice care 临终护理
postmortem care 死后护理