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钻井业常用专业词汇(J-L)

钻井业常用专业词汇(J-L)

J
基液 || base fluid
机械力 || mechanical
机械杂质 || mechanical impurity
机械钻速(ROP) || rate of penetrate
及时反出 || timely return
极限剪切粘度 || high shear viscosity
极限应变 || ultimate strain
极性基团 || polar group
极压润滑剂 || pressured/extreme || lubricator
挤堵 || squeeze
激光多普勒测速仪(LDA) || laser Doppler anemometer
激光粒度仪 || laser particle analyzer
激活剂 || activator
技术措施 || technical measure
技术讲座 || workshop for technology
技术经济效果 || technical-economic effect
技术套管 || intermediate casing
季铵盐 || quaternary ammonium, anionic group
钾 || potassium ,kalium
钾基石灰泥浆 || potassium base lime mud
甲硅烷基化处理 || methylsilicane
甲基 || methyl
甲基硅油聚磺高密度钻井液 || methyl silicone oil polysulfonate
drilling fluid with high density
甲醛 || formaldehyde , methanal
甲酸盐 || formate
加量 || dosage
加重剂 || heavy weight additive
加重泥浆 || weighted mud
加重钻井液“垂沉” || sag phenomenon of weighted drilling fluid
架桥粒子 || bridge particle
价数 || valence
监督 || supervision
碱 || alkali
简化泥浆处理 || simplify mud treatment
简介 || brief description
检查井 || inspection well
检测 || inspection/monitor
减轻剂 || lightening admixture
减阻剂 || anti-friction agent , drag reducer
剪切破坏 || shear failure
剪切稀释能力 || shear thinning property , shearing dilution
剪切应力 || shear stress
键 || bond
健康,安全与环境(HSE) || health , safety and environment
间隙 || clearance
降解产物 || degradation products
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降粘机理 || thinning mechanism
降粘剂 || thinner,visbreaker
降失水剂 || fluid loss agent/additive, filtration reducer
胶结强度 bonding/consolidation strength
胶结疏松 || weak bonding
胶囊破胶剂 || encapsulated gel breaker
胶凝 || gelatify
胶凝性质 || jellyfication
胶乳 || latex
胶体率 || colloid fraction
胶体稳定性 || colloid stability
胶质 || gum
交联 || cross-linking
交联剂 || cross linker
交联冻胶 || gel cross-linking
交换液 || exchange fluid
接近 || concordant with
结垢 || precipitation, scale deposit , fouling
结构可瞬时形成或拆散 || quick formation and breaking
结构强度 || structural strength ||
结合 || refer to
结晶 || crystallization
结晶水 || crystal water
接触角 || contact angle
接枝共聚物 || grafting copolymerization
解卡剂 || pipe free agent
介质 || medium
界面 || interface
界面胶结 || interfacial cementation
金属 || metal
金属离子 || metal ions
紧密堆积理论 || theory of high packing
近井壁 || near-well zone
近平衡钻井 || near-balanced drilling
浸出液 || leaching agent
浸酸改造 || acidizing
经验性总结分析 || empirical analysis
晶格 || lattice bond
净化技术 || solid control
井壁稳定 || borehole
井壁稳定 || hole stability ,stable borehole
井底 || downhole
井底静止温度低(BHST) || low borehole static temperature
井段 || interval/section
井径 || well/hole gauge
井径规则 || regular and consistent borehole gauge
井径扩大率 || hole diameter enlargement rate
井口 || wellhead
井漏 || lost circulation
井身结构 || wellbore configuration
井下安全 || downhole safety
井下复杂情况 || down hole problem
井斜 || inclination
井眼 || well bore ,borehole
井眼轨迹 || well track
井眼净化 || hole cleaning
井眼缩径 || hole shrinkage
井眼稳定 || hole stability
井涌 || kick
浸泡时间 || soak time
静切力(结构力) || gel strength/static shear force
静损害 || static damage
静态挂片法 || static weight loss method
静态滤失 || static filtration
静液柱压差 || hydrostatic column pressure difference ||
静置 || quiescence
静止消泡时间 || static defoaming time
静置沉淀 || static settlement
居中 || centralization
居中度 || centralizer
聚α-烯基  polyalphaolifen
聚丙烯青铵盐 || ammonium || polyacryhoitril
聚丙烯酰胺(PAM) || polyacrylamide
聚电解质 || poly-electrolyte
聚合醇 || polyalcohol , polyol
聚合物不分散泥浆 || non dispersed polymer mud
聚合物降滤失水剂 || polymer filtration control agent
聚合物三磺盐水泥浆 || three-sulfonated polymer salt mud
聚合物钻井液 || polymer drilling fluid
聚合物混油钻井液 || poly-oil mixture drilling fluid
聚磺钻井液 || sulphonated polymer mud
聚结稳定性 || coagulation stability
聚乙二醇(PEG) || polyethyleneglycol
聚乙烯醇(PVA) || polyvinyl alcohol